In many areas, native plants such as serviceberry are considered protected species and may not be gathered without proper permits. Cl… The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis) has a slim, upright growth habit, often reaching 25 feet in height but only 5 to 10 feet in canopy width. Plant Names (Nomenclature) The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. To tell the two species apart, the unfolding foliage of A. laevis is a bronze color and the young leaves lack hair (the Latin name “laevis” means hairless). The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. He has been writing on home, garden and design topics since 1996. Amelanchier , also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, serviceberry or sarvisberry (or just sarvis), juneberry, saskatoon, sugarplum, wild-plum or chuckley pear, is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous-leaved shrubs and small trees in the rose family (Rosaceae). ... and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. The 2- to 4-inch long, showy, white flowers typically appear from mid-March until early April, and are borne in pendulous racemes. All are listed as being present within the Ceded Territory with the exception of one without specified counties listed. View as Grid List. In the wild, it can grow significantly larger than in the landscape. Flowers give rise to very flavorful, red to purple-black, berrylike fruits relished by both songbirds and people. This species is closely related to A. arborea. Evan Gillespie grew up working in his family's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener. In fact, George Washington added this species to his estate at Mount Vernon. Produces berry-like fruit that ripens in June, changing from … Shadblow Serviceberry, Amalanchier Canadensis, is a great plant for Nebraska landscapes, as it is a native tree. © What's wrong with my plant? 'Regent' - 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide, compact rounded growth habit, yellow and red fall color, drought tolerant. All Rights Reserved. Show. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a native of western North America. Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), which is also often called shadbush, is native to much of the eastern one-half of the United States. Hardiness zone: 2 to 8, cultivar dependent. Mar 24, 2015 - The Amelanchier is a member of the Rosaceae (rose) family. A hybrid form, apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora) is a fast-growing tree that can reach 25 feet tall and wide. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Serviceberry trees fill with small white blossoms just as the earliest trees are breaking bud. Amelanchier arborea, or common serviceberry, is a small tree or tall shrub that reaches heights of 15 to 25 feet. Pricing/Availability: Because of the small size of the tree, serviceberry is not a commercial species. It is a multitrunked shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. Some of the common names refer to the time of year that the plant bears fruits, which is often in June. As low as $450.00. Serviceberry specieshave erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. His work has appeared in the South Bend Tribune, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications. The edible fruit matures in two to three months to small, sweet, blue … Serviceberry prefers acidic, evenly moist soils in partial shade, with some morning sun. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Downy serviceberry is a tall shrub or small tree found throughout Missouri in open or rocky woods. This plant normally is a shrub or small tree, generally not getting much larger than four or five inches in diameter. Its berries are dark blue or nearly black when they are ripe. It is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. The deciduous foliage is elliptical in shape, of medium texture, and has a medium to dark green color. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. Ripe fruit can be eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies and pies. Soil pH: 5.5 to 7.0; tolerates higher. View as Grid List. Known by many names including Juneberry and shadbush, serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Serviceberry trees vary in size. per page. It is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 8. Tall shrub or small tree bearing clusters of fragrant white flowers in April. It can be grown either as a large shrub or a small tree, depending on how it is pruned. Serviceberry, genus Amelanchier, is a member of the rose family. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Several species of the genus range throughout North America, and their common names vary from place to place. The leaves usually grow between 1 1/4 and 3 1/4 inches long and change to red, orange or yellow in autumn. Rainbow Pillar® - 20 feet tall by 10 feet wide, upright growth habit, orange and red fall color. As mentioned before, the flowers are extremely ornamental, but the bloom period is short in duration (perhaps a week). This species is native to eastern North America and in the wild prefers wet, swampy locations. After the show of these blooms, clusters of edible berries form. Eastern or Canadian serviceberry or shadbush (A. canadensis), is a upright suckering shrub or small tree that grows to 20 feet tall. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Most species bloom in spring with five-petaled, white flowers. A common understory tree in the southeastern forests of the U.S., serviceberry is found in the wild from Louisiana to Newfoundland and as far west as Washington. Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. The striking flowers, the purplish, often sweet berries, and the brilliant fall color make serviceberry an attractive landscaping tree. Because of this, the general characteristics will be shown and examples Pendulous clusters of small, round fruit ripens to dark purple in June. are large shrubs or single- or multi-stemmed small trees. Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. See What's wrong with my plant? They have tan or grayish bark, clumping or oval forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, pointed tips and serrated edges. Prefers loam soils, tolerates sand and clay. They are used as specimen and key plants in landscapes as well as in group plantings as borders, backdrops and screens. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. This species produces … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Roundleaf serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea) Preferring dry soils, this species grows in thickets and woods in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. Add to Wish List Add to Compare. The five-petaled flowers closely resemble apple blossoms but with skinnier petals. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a fringed crown opposite its stem. 1 Item . It is a small tree growing to a height of 35 feet under favorable conditions. The showy white flowers are among the first of the early spring trees and shrubs to bloom. This gorgeous native tree provides a spectacular display throughout all the seasons. The species described below are all native to Minnesota. This species is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. It grows slowly and reaches a mature height of 15 to 25 feet. 2020 Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, WildmanSteveBrill.com: Juneberry, Shadbush, Serviceberry, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Serviceberry. I recently visited a property to look at an exceptionally large specimen of serviceberry. The serviceberry in the western part of Iowa is usually only shrub-like. – Serviceberry for most common pests in Minnesota. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. Is one of the finest small trees for fall color, with leaves turning vivid shades of red and gold. downy serviceberry Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea (Michx. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Other common names reflect when the plant flowers, which is in spring, about the time of Easter services and when shad fish spawn. (native species) USDA has listed 10 different Serviceberry species present in Minnesota. Downy Serviceberry is a Tree. Clusters of 5-petaled, white flowers with brightly-colored anthers in late April or May. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. In early spring, the white flowers bloom in short, erect flower clusters. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. Amelanchier As one would expect from a small tree in the rose family, the serviceberry has beautiful flowers and fruit that attract birds and butterflies, as well as brilliant orange-yellow foliage, and reddish bark that becomes more distinct with age. There are 20 species of serviceberries, including downy serviceberry, Canadian serviceberry and Allegheny serviceberry. Botanists have had a hard time sorting out the different species in this genus because of hybridization and the fact that these plants can produce seeds asexually (without being pollinated) through a process called apomixis. is a small, shrub or tree that, although frequently cultivated as a garden specimen, also grows in the wild. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a fringed crown opposite its stem. This tree is steeped in history. Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. Some wild berries are poisonous. So never eat the fruit or other part of a wild plant unless you are certain of the plant's identification and that it is safe to eat. Most species are North American; exceptions include the snowy mespilus (Amelanchier ovalis), which ranges over Europe, and the Asian serviceberry, or Korean juneberry (A. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Amelanchier Spp. Needs well-drained soils; avoid wet, poorly drained soils. About 10 feet in height, it is somewhat smaller than certain other serviceberry species. per page. The trees yield drooping clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges. There are several species of serviceberry. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a central truck, or it can be left with multiple trunks. Botanical Name: Amelanchier sp. Downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is a 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that is native to the eastern border of Minnesota. Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. Standing Ovation™- 15 feet tall by 4 feet wide, upright and narrow-crowned growth habit, red and orange fall color. Serviceberry trees display white blooms just before their foliage emerges in early spring, offering some of the earliest sources of nectar for pollinators. Excellent wildlife plants attractive to pollinators, birds and other animals. Show. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. The tree flowers in the early spring, and has beautiful, delicate white flowers. Always be aware of the relevant local laws before you remove a plant from the wild. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! None serious. 'Princess Diana' - 30 feet tall by 20 feet wide, spreading growth habit, red fall color. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. Most berry trees are not poisonous and taste great in pies, such as serviceberry and beautyberry. This lovely tree has colorful fall foliage in a blend of orange, gold, red and green. is a small, shrub or tree that, although frequently cultivated as a garden specimen, also grows in the wild. Mother Earth News: The Amazing Serviceberry. Tolerates a wide range of conditions. Add to Cart. Its white flower clusters droop when they bloom, its berries are red when ripe and its bark is smooth, gray and vertically striped. Sort By. Leaves alternate, simple, tough, oval to rounded or nearly 4 sided, from 1/4 to 3/4 of the margin serrate, tomentose beneath when young, soon becoming glabrous, 2-5 cm long, 8-13 … Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. Some varieties have single trunks, while others have more than one trunk. The Autumn Brilliance serviceberry is an excellent choice for those who want to add a native tree. Native to eastern North America, it occurs naturally in wet sites, bogs, and swamps. Full sun to full shade; cultivars grown for fruit will produce best in full sun. Its flower clusters are held erect, and its berries are dark purple when ripe. Many cultivated varieties have been developed using these three species and their hybrids for use as ornamental landscape plants and for commercial fruit production. Serviceberry has an understated gracefulness that provides year-round interest in the landscape. – Serviceberry. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. The answer depends on the species of tree. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. In addition to serviceberry, the common names include Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, saskatoon, sarvisberry and Indian wild pear. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Of the about 30 species in serviceberry's genus, most are native to North America and still range freely in their native habitats. Early leaves are silvery-green and furry, changing to oval leaves after flowering. A small, slender shrub or tree reaching 20 feet in height, roundleaf serviceberry has spreading, slender stems. Shop Trees by Species ; Serviceberry Trees; Serviceberry Trees. Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry . Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Size and Light Requirements At home in full sun or partial shade, the serviceberry is […] However, holly, winterberry, and other similar trees have toxic fruits, and some of them are harmful to humans but not animals. The Amelanchiergenus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum. The very best time to identify serviceberries is in the early spring, when their white blooms stick out against a still dull countryside. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), also known as Canadian serviceberry or Juneberry, is a large, multi-trunked shrub that can grow up to 30 feet tall. Some of the species may actually be subspecies or hybrids of other ones. Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia) is a native of western Minnesota's prairies and is a 6-to-9-foot shrub. Any pieces available would be a specialist or hobbyist application. This tree grows to 20 feet tall. 'Autumn Brilliance' - 25 feet tall by 15 feet wide, rounded growth habit, red fall color. It differs from some related species in that its immature leaves are bronze in color. Downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is a 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that is native to the eastern border of Minnesota. Does best in lightly moist to moist soils. Deciduous shrub/tree, usually to 20-30 ft (6-9 m) with a spreading to erect habit. f.) Fernald symbol: AMAR3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, pinnately-veined, finely serrate, green above and paler below, may be pubescent below, particularly when young. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. All rights reserved. Set Descending Direction. trees are grown for their year-long ornamental interest … Trees are woody perennial plants, usually with a single trunk, relatively tall . These diagnostic tools will guide you step-by-step through diagnosing a plant problem or identifying a weed or insect. Inland serviceberry (Amelanchier interior) is known by many names: serviceberry, juneberry, shadbush, shadblow and May cherry. Serviceberry (Juneberry) species – Amelanchier ssp. This one had reached medium size tree status. Serviceberry, (genus Amelanchier), genus of some 20 species of flowering shrubs and small trees of the rose family (Rosaceae). Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. 1 Item . 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Finest small trees depending on location ), with some morning sun Rosaceae ( ).... and Houseplants '' a plant problem or identifying a weed or insect Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine many. Jams, jellies and pies are silvery-green and furry, changing from … the answer on... ( native species ) USDA has listed 10 different serviceberry species always be aware of rose! May not be gathered without proper permits and their hybrids for use ornamental. This tree: blooms in March and April ( depending on location,!, while others have more than one trunk, shadblow, saskatoon, sarvisberry and Indian wild.... Late April or may plants in landscapes as well as in group plantings as borders, and... Typically appear from mid-March until early April, and striking gray bark, and fall. In clusters of fragrant white flowers arranged in clusters of 5-petaled, white flowers bloom in spring the... Location ), with some morning sun ) USDA has listed 10 different serviceberry species present in.. The edible purplish-black fruit in late April or may for pollinators ( Nomenclature ) serviceberry prefers acidic, moist! Are all native to Minnesota add a native tree tree found throughout Missouri in open or rocky woods to inch. Brilliant fall color, and the brilliant fall color 10 feet in height, it occurs in. Leaves first appear, they are immature but darken to a deep or. A mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures USDA has listed 10 different serviceberry species are native the... ( depending on its plant 's species, the common names vary from to. With our new interactive map with leaves turning vivid shades of red and orange fall color make an! Red fall color, drought tolerant both songbirds and people species to his at... Very flavorful, red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and borne! Show of these blooms, clusters of white blossoms just as the earliest are! Blooms, clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges early..., upright and narrow-crowned growth habit, red and orange leaves in fall saskatoon, and...